Research Highlights

Thanks to GUTS participants, researchers have established important correlations between behaviors and health. With their continued help, we look forward to learning a lot more.

Increased physical activity has a positive effect on self-perception in girls and boys.
Stein C, Fisher L, Berkey C, Colditz G. Adolescent physical activity and perceived competence: does change in activity level impact self-perception? J Adolesc Health 2007; 40:462-70.

Participants who frequently ate dinner with their families were less likely to be overweight.
Taveras EM, Rifas-Shiman SL, Berkey CS, Rockett HRH, Field AE, Frazier AL, Colditz GA, Gillman MW. Family dinner and adolescent overweight. Obesity Research 2005; 13:900-906.

Adolescents and pre-adolescents who reported spending more time with TV, videos, and videogames gained more weight.
Berkey CS, Rockett HR, Field AE, Gillman MW, Frazier AL, Camargo CA, Colditz GA. Activity, dietary intake, and weight changes in a longitudinal study of preadolescent and adolescent boys and girls. Pediatrics 2000; 105: e56.

Breastfeeding as an infant may lower the risk of being overweight during older childhood and adolescence.
Gillman MW, Rifas-Shiman SL, Camargo CA, Berkey CS, Frazier AL, Rockett HR, Field AE, Colditz GA. Risk of overweight among adolescents who had been breast fed as infants. AMA 285 (19) 2001: 2461–2467.

Being born to a mother with gestational diabetes increases a child’s risk for adolescent obesity.
Gillman MW, Rifas-Shiman S, Berkey CS, Field AE, Colditz GA. Maternal diabetes, birth weight, and adolescent obesity. Pediatrics 111 (3) 2003: 221–226

Childhood gender nonconformity, bullying victimization, and depressive symptoms across adolesence and early adulthood: an 11-yr longitudinal study.
Podcast interview with Andrea Roberts in the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (Feb 2013).